1946: Proof – if proof were needed – that anti-Semitism survived the demise of the Third Reich came on 4 July at Kielce in Poland. From morning until evening, the town was the scene of Europe’s largest peacetime pogrom of the 20th century.
Tag archive: Anti-Semitism
1923: Sitting in the autumn sun in Berlin’s Botanical Garden, Franz Kafka was distracted from his Kafkaesque thoughts by a bunch of passing schoolgirls. One of them – blond, leggy, boyish – gave Kafka “a coquettish smile, turning up the corners of her little mouth and calling out something” to him. Kafka didn’t quite catch what she said. He smiled back at her. The pretty girl and her friends stared at him. Then he realised what she had said: “Jew.”
Source: Reiner Stach, Kafka: The Years of Insight (2013), pp. 544–5
1942: “Now a ban on Jews buying flowers has come out,” an exasperated Victor Klemperer wrote on 16 March. “Not a day without a new decree against Jews.”
Source: Victor Klemperer, To the Bitter End: The Diaries of Victor Klemperer 1942–1945, ed. Martin Chalmers (1999), p. 28
1941: For Victor Klemperer, a Jewish resident of Dresden, life grew steadily more difficult. “A new calamity:” he wrote in his diary on 10 August, “Ban on smoking for Jews.”
Source: Victor Klemperer, I Shall Bear Witness: The Diaries of Victor Klemperer 1933–41, ed. Martin Chalmers (1998), p. 407